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Persian Coins

The Achaemenid Empire struck coins from the conquest of Lydia until Persia fell to Alexander the Great in 330 bc.

After Alexander's death, Seleukos and his descendants ruled Persia. In 238 bc Arshak, king of the Skythian Parni tribe, overthrew the governor of Parthia, and during the next century, the Parthians took over most of the Seleukid realm. 

Although Marcus Crassus and Mark Antony met with disaster invading Persia, the Parthians could not cope with Rome, which invaded the Parthian realm repeatedly during the second and third centuries.


Sasan.gif (17944 bytes)
Bust of a Sasanian King

The Persians hated the Parthians, weakened by their wars with Rome, and in 220 Persia reclaimed its old empire when Artashir overthrew the Parthians.

The Sasanians revived the Zoroastrian religion and sought to reconquer Asia Minor and Egypt, hastening the collapse of the Roman Empire. The conflict against the Byzantine empire intensified as Khusru II invaded Syria, Palestine and Egypt, but the Byzantines destroyed the Persian army. Persia fell into anarchy, and was invaded by the  Arabs, who completed its conquest in 649.

Collectors of ancient Persian coins rarely collect the entire series, instead tending  to specialize in the  coins of one issuing authority:  Achaemenid Persian coins, Parthian coins, Sasanian coins (also spelled Sassanian), or issues of Parthian client kingdoms such as the coins of Persis, Elymais and Characene.

To view available Persian Coins, click on the links below:


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