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Maximinus I

The Gordiani, Balbinus
and Pupienus

Philip I

238-244

Gordian1.jpg (5898 bytes)

Gordian2.jpg (4814 bytes)

Balbinus.jpg (4384 bytes)

Pupienus.jpg (4934 bytes)

Gordian3.jpg (4738 bytes)

M. Antonius Gordianus I
Emperor 238

M. Antonius Gordianus II
Emperor 238
Decimus Caelius Balbinus
Emperor 238
M. Clodius Pupienus Maximus
Emperor 238
M. Antonius Gordianus III
Emperor 238-244

Gordian I [b. ca. 157] was proconsul in Africa  when a tax revolt broke out. He accepted the purple, made his son Gordian II [b. ca. 192] joint ruler commanding the military forces, mainly militia. Gordian asked the Senate for recognition, which was granted, but when Capellinus, governor of Numidia, heard of the revolt he invaded with the Third Legion and quickly shattered the Gordian forces; Gordian Jr. fell in the battle and Gordian then took his own life April 12, 238.

After the defeat of the Gordiani, Balbinus,  a senator, was elected co-emperor for  administration and Pupienus,   a senator, was elected co-emperor for the military.  Before Pupienus could meet Maximinus in the field, the Thracian was assassinated. To win  popular favor, Gordian's grandson was made Caesar, but the people and the army resented the senator emperors. Pupienus fell out with Balbinus, who  wanted primacy, and this cost Balbinus and Pupienus what little respect they had. On July 29, 238 the Praetorians killed  them after a reign of 98 days.

Gordian [b. 225] was a figurehead dependent on Timisethius, his Praetorian Prefect, whose daughter he married.   Gordian campaigned against the Persians, and after Timisethius died on campaign, his successor Philip the Arab undermined Gordian and overthrew him.
Relatives depicted on coins:
Tranquillina - wife

   

GI3644* 0994 Gordian III: AE 25 of Dionysopolis
$85.00
Obv. AVT K M ANTΩNIOC ΓOΡΔIANOC
Confronted busts of Gordian & Sarapis
Rev. ΔIONVCOΠOΛEITΩN
Gordian mounted r.
12.32 g
Sear GI3644v: unpublished in the major references
sm. flan, otherwise VF

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GI3647* 0866 Gordian III: AE 26 of Marcianopolis
$45.00
Obv. M ANT ΓOΡΔIANOC AYΓ
Laur. bust r.
Rev. MAΡKIANOΠOΛITΩN
Tyche stg. l.
7.68
Sear GI 3647v: Pick 1114
some roughness, otherwise good VF

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GI3647* 0949 Gordian III: AE 27 of Marcianopolis
$95.00
Obv. AVT K M ANT ΓOΡΔIANOC AYΓ
Laur. bust r.
Rev. VP MHNOΦIΛOV MAΡKIANOΠOΛITΩN
Sarapis stg. l.
13.08 g
Sear GI3647v: Pick 1126v
sl. roughness, otherwise good VF

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GI3647* 0975 Gordian III: AE 25 of Marcianopolis
$75.00
Obv. Laur. bust r.
Rev. Apollo stg. l.
11.28 g
Sear GI 3647v: Pick 1101 ff uneven rev., otherwise VF

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GI3647* 0985 Gordian III: AE 26 of Marcianopolis
$85.00
Obv. AVT K M ANTΩNIOC ΓOΡΔIANOC
Confronted busts of Gordian & Sarapis
Rev. VP MHNOΦIΛOV MAΡKIANOΠOΛITΩN
Tyche seated r.
11.52 g
Sear GI3647v: Pick 1164v
nearly VF

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GI3647* 1007 Gordian III: AE 25 of Marcianopolis
$95.00
Obv. AVT K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC AVΓ
Confronted busts of Gordian & Sarapis
Rev. VΠ MHNOΦIΛOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN
Demeter seated l.
11.26 g
Sear GI3647v: Pick 1129
sl. rough, otherwise good VF

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GI3647* 1024 Gordian III: AE 26 of Marcianopolis
$65.00
Obv. AVT K M ANTONINOC ΓOΡΔIANOC
Confronted busts of Gordian & Sarapis
Rev. VP MHNOΦIΛOV MAΡKIANOΠOΛITΩN
Athena stg. l.
11.52 g
Sear GI 3647v: Pick 1135v
flan flaws, some roughness, otherwise VF

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GI3652* 0993 Gordian III: AE 25 of Adrianople
$105.00
Obv. AVT K M ANT ΓOΡΔIANOC AVΓ
Laur. bust r.
Rev. AΔPIANOΠOΛEITΩN
Diana stg. l.
11.62 g
Sear GI3652v; BMC 30
good VF

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GI3653* 0997 Gordian III: AE 25 of Odessos
$95.00
Obv. AVT K M ANT ΓOΡΔIANOC AVΓ
Confronted busts of Gordian & Great God
Rev. OΔHCCEITΩN
Nemesis stg. l.
11.56 g
Sear GI3653v; Pick 2353v
legend weakness, otherwise VF

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GI3654* 0966 Gordian III: AE 25 of Odessos
$125.00
Obv. AVT K M ANTΩNINOC ΓOΡΔIANOC AVΓ
Confronted busts of Gordian & Great God
Rev. OΔHCCEITΩN
Gordian sacrificing l.
11.62 g
Sear GI3654v; Pick 2361
legend weakness, otherwise good VF

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GI3654* 0978 Gordian III: AE 25 of Odessos
$150.00
Obv. AVT K M ANT ΓOΡΔIANOC AVΓ
Confronted busts of Gordian & Great God
Rev. OΔHCCEITΩN
Zeus enthroned l.
10.80 g
Sear GI 3654v; Pick 2325
good VF

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GI3654* 0980 Gordian III: AE 26 of Odessos
$100.00
Obv. AVT K M ANTΩNINOC ΓOΡΔIANOC AVΓ
Confronted busts of Gordian & Great God
Rev. OΔHCCEITΩN
Laurel wreath
11.13 g
Sear GI3654v; Pick 2374
uneven strike, otherwise nearly EF

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GI3761* 0927 Gordian III: AE 35 of Antiocheia
$125.00
Obv. IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG
Laur. & dr. bust r.
Rev. CAES ANTIOCH COL / S.R.
Wolf stg. r. suckling twins
26.80 g
Sear 3761v; SNGC 69
sl. uneven rev., otherwise nearly VF, better than SNGC specimen

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GI3779 2456 Gordian III: Billion Tetradrachm of Antioch
$125.00
238-244 ad 29 mm 12.48 gm
Obv. Laur. bust. r.
Rev. Eagle l. on fulmen Sear GI 3779: Prieur 295good VF on a huge flan

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GI3795* 0950 Gordian III & Tranquillina: AE 28 of Marcianopolis
$125.00
Obv. AVT K M ANT ΓOΡΔIANOC AV CE TΡANKVIΛΛEINA
Confronted busts
Rev. VP TEΡTVΛΛIANOV MAΡKIANOΠOΛITΩN
Hades seated l.
11.34 g
Sear 3795v; Varbanov 2042: Pick 1175
rev. doubling, otherwise good VF

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GI3796* 0998 Gordian III: AE 25 of Tomis
$95.00
Obv. Confronted busts of Gordian and Tranquillina
Rev. Nemesis stg. l.
12.06 g
Sear GI3796*: Pick 3537 uneven rev., otherwise VF

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GI3797* 0954 Gordian III & Tranquillina: AE 24 of Anchialos
$75.00
Obv. AVT K M ANT ΓOΡΔIANOC AVΓ CAB TΡANKVILLINA
Confronted busts of Gordian and Tranquillina
Rev. OVΛΠIANΩN AΓXIAΛEΩN
Tyche stg. facing
11.90 g
Sear GI 3797v; Strack 676
uneven strike, otherwise VF

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GI3797* 1016 Gordian III & Tranquillina: AE 26 of Anchialos
$95.00
Obv. AVT K M ANT ΓOΡΔIANOC AVΓ CAB TΡANKVIΛΛINA
Confronted busts of Gordian and Tranquillina
Rev. OVΛΠIANΩN AΓXIAΛEΩN
Nike stg. facing
8.22 g
Sear GI3797v; Pick 663
VF

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GI3797* 1018 Gordian III & Tranquillina: AE 25 of Anchialos
$95.00
Obv. AVT K M ANT ΓOΡΔIANOC AVΓ CAB TΡANKVIΛΛINA
Confronted busts of Gordian and Tranquillina
Rev. OVΛΠIANΩN AΓXIAΛEΩN
Tyche stg. l.
10.78 g
Sear GI3797v; Strack 676
VF

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GI3798* 0946 Gordian III: AE 24 of Mesembria
$95.00
Obv. Confronted busts of Gordian and Tranquillina
Rev. Apollo Musagetes stg. l.
9.22 g
Sear GI 3798v: BMC 1 sm. flan, otherwise VF

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GI3799* 0977 Gordian III & Tranquillina: AE 25 of Odessa
$150.00
Obv. AVT K M ANT ΓOΡΔIANOC AVΓ CE TΡANKVIΛΛEINA
Confronted busts
Rev. OΔHCCEITΩN
Sarapis? stg. l.
12.75 g
Sear 37995v; Pick 2376v
sl. wk. legends, otherwise VF

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R2430 3388 Gordian III: AR 23 Antoninianus
$65.00
Obv. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG Rad. & dr.bust r.
Rev. AETERNITATI AVG Sol stg. l. hldg. globe
5.37 g Sear 2430; RIC 83 sl. uneven strike, oth. EF


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R2435* 1357 Gordian III: AR 23 Antoninianus
$45.00
Obv. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG
Rad. & dr.bust r.
Rev. FORTVNA REDVX
Fortuna seated l.
3.86 g
Sear 2435v; RIC 144
flat strike, thus VF

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R2437 1344 Gordian III: AR 23 Antoninianus
$75.00
Obv. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG
Rad. & dr.bust r.
Rev. IOVI STATORI
Jupiter stg. facing, hd. r
4.36 g
Sear 2437; RIC 84
good VF

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R2438 1285 Gordian III: AR 24 Antoninianus
$75.00
Obv. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG
Rad. & dr.bust r.
Rev. LAETITIA AVG
Laetitia stg. l.
4.18 g
Sear 2438; RIC 86
nearly EF, nice portrait

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R2438 1359 Gordian III: AR 24 Antoninianus
$75.00
Obv. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG
Rad. & dr.bust r.
Rev. LAETITIA AVG
Laetitia stg. l.
4.60 g
Sear 2438; RIC 86
good VF

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R2442 2670 Gordian III: AR 23 Antoninianus
$45.00
Obv. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG
Rad. bust r.
Rev. MARTEM PROPVGNATOREM
Mars adv. r.
4.67 g
Sear 2442; RIC 147
nearly EF

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R2449 3391 Gordian III: AR 23 Antoninianus
$85.00
Obv. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG Rad. & dr.bust r.
Rev. P M TR P II COS P P Gordian sacrificing l.
3.92 g Sear 2449; RIC 37 EF


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R2468 2108 Gordian III: AR 23 Antoninianus
$45.00
Obv. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG Rad. & dr.bust r.
Rev. VIRTVTI AVGVSTI Hercules stg. r.
4.29 g
Sear 24683; RIC 95 VF

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R2469 2119 Gordian III: AR 23 Denarius
$60.00
Obv. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG Laur. bust r.
Rev. AETERNITATI AVG Sol stg. facing, commanding the Sun to rise
2.87 g
Sear 2469; RIC 11 good VF, struck on a flan as large as an antoninianus

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R2471* 0005 Gordian III: AR 21 Denarius
$85.00
Obv. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG Laur. bust r.
Rev. IOVIS STATOR Jupiter stg. facing
3.15 g
Sear 2471v; RIC 112 nearly EF

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R2478 0046 Gordian III: AR 21 Denarius
$105.00
Obv. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG Laur. bust r.
Rev. VIRTVTI AVGVSTI Hercules stg. r.
3.35 g
Sear 2478; RSC 403, RIC 116 Worn rev. die, otherwise EF

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R2481 0910 Gordian III: AE Sestertius
$75.00
Obv. IMP CAES GORDIANVS PIVS AVG
Laur. & dr. bust r.
Rev. AEQUITAS AVG S.C.
Aequitas stg. l.
18.63 g
Sear 2481; RIC 267a
nearly VF, green patina

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R2488 0909 Gordian III: AE Sestertius
$100.00
Obv. IMP GORDIANVS PIUS FEL AVG Laur. bust r.
Rev. LAETITIA AVG N S.C. Laetitia stg. l.
Sear 2488; RIC 300a nearly VF, black patina

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R2498* 1728 Gordian III: AE 30 Sestertius
$925.00
Obv. IMP GORDIANVS PIUS FEL AVG
Laur. bust r.
Rev. P M TR P IIII COS II P P S.C.
Apollo seated l.
19.61 g
Sear 2498v; RIC 302
EF with a good portrait and attractive green patina

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