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The Twelve Caesars

The Julio-Claudian Dynasty
27 bc - 68 ad

Year of Four Emperors

Augustus.jpg (4583 bytes)
Caius Julius Caesar Octavianus Augustus

27 bc - 14 ad
Octavian founded the Empire, receiving the title Augustus in 27 bc He transformed the Republic into the Principate,  dying  in 14 ad after54 years in power.
Tiberius.jpg (3184 bytes)
Tiberius Claudius Nero

Emperor 14 - 37
The unhappy marriage of Augustus' capable son-in-law strained his relations with the imperial family. After all  other candidates died he was finally chosen to succeed.

Octavian stabilized the political situation, and the Senate, realizing that Rome could no longer function without a strong executive, awarded him the title 'Augustus' in 27 bc, marking the beginning of the Roman Empire.

Augustus' dynasty ended with Nero's death in 68, but in a larger sense his legacy endured until the fall of Constantinople in 1453.

Caligula.jpg (3756 bytes)
Caius Caesar

Emperor 37-41

Caius Caesar,  called Caligula ("little boot")   by the soldiers of his father Germanicus, became insane soon after his accession, was assassinated in 41, and was immediately condemned to "damnatio memoriae."
Claudius.jpg (3467 bytes)
Tiberius Claudius Drusus

Emperor 41-54
Claudius was thought to be a buffoon, but in 41 was senior surviving member of the imperial family. After executing Messalina for adultery, Claudius married Agrippina, who  poisoned him.
Nero.jpg (4718 bytes)
Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus

Emperor 54-68

Nero was adopted by Claudius. His reign began well  under tutelage, but after Rome was ravaged by fire in 64, Nero became very unpopular, lost support  and eventually  commited suicide.
To view their coins, click on the thumbnails or the links below:


27 b.c. - 14 a.d.


14 -37 a.d.


37 - 41 a.d.


41 - 54 a.d.


54 - 68 a.d.

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