Caius Julius Caesar Octavianus Augustus
27 bc - 14 ad
Octavian founded the Empire, receiving the title Augustus in 27 bc He transformed
the Republic into the Principate, dying in 14 ad after54 years in power.
Tiberius Claudius Nero
Emperor 14 - 37
marriage of Augustus' capable son-in-law strained his relations with the imperial family. After
all other candidates died he was finally chosen to succeed.
the political situation, and the Senate, realizing that Rome could no longer function
without a strong executive, awarded him the title 'Augustus' in 27 bc, marking the
beginning of the Roman Empire.
ended with Nero's death in 68, but in a larger sense his legacy endured until the
fall of Constantinople in 1453.
Caius Caesar, called Caligula ("little boot") by the
soldiers of his father Germanicus, became insane soon after his accession, was
assassinated in 41, and was immediately condemned to "damnatio memoriae."
Tiberius Claudius Drusus
Claudius was thought to be a buffoon, but in 41 was senior surviving member of
the imperial family. After executing Messalina for adultery, Claudius married
Agrippina, who poisoned him.
Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus
Nero was adopted by Claudius. His reign began well under tutelage, but after
Rome was ravaged by fire in 64, Nero became very unpopular, lost support and
eventually commited suicide.