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Severan Dynasty

The Soldier Emperors

Time of Troubles

235-268

MaxThraxTh.jpg (1789 bytes)
Maximinus I
Gordian1Th.jpg (1820 bytes)
Gordian I
Gordian2Th.jpg (1600 bytes)
Gordian II
BalbinusTh.jpg (1405 bytes)
Balbinus
PupienusTh.jpg (1833 bytes)
Pupienus
Gordian3Th.jpg (1627 bytes)
Gordian III
PhilipTh.jpg (1804 bytes)
Philip I
DeciusTh.jpg (1486 bytes)
Trajan Decius
GallusTh.jpg (1348 bytes)
Trebonianus Gallus
AemilianTh.jpg (2289 bytes)
Aemilian
ValerianTh.jpg (2239 bytes)
Valerian
GallienusTh.jpg (1693 bytes)
Gallienus

Maximinus alienated the Senate by raising taxes, and when Africa revolted under Gordian I and his son, who were soon defeated, the Senate elected Balbinus and Pupienus, and Gordian's young grandson was made Caesar. Maximinus invaded Italy, only to be assassinated by his own troops;  after a brief reign, Balbinus and Pupienus were killed by disaffected Praetorians. Gordian III  then ruled for six years until he was overthrown by his prefect  Philip, whose reign featured the Millennial Games and several provincial revolts. Philip sent Decius to suppress a revolt in Moesia, where the legions acclaimed Decius emperor; Philip then attacked Decius, lost and died in battle. Two years later Decius fell in battle against the Goths. Trebonianus Gallus succeeded, and the Goths were finally defeated by his general Aemilian, who was then acclaimed emperor by his legions. Gallus set out to confront him, but was assassinated by his own soldiers. Valerian, who had come to help Gallus, was then acclaimed by his legions and a similar fate befell Aemilian. Valerian stabilized the army's loyalties and the empire began to recover, but his reign was troubled by frontier wars, ending in the capture of Valerian and his entire army by the Persians. His son Gallienus, unable to prevent the disintegration of the empire despite many military successes, was eventually overthrown by his officers.

To view their coins, click on the thumbnails or the links below:

 

Maximinus I

235 - 238 a.d.
 

The Gordiani, Balbinus and Pupienus

238 - 244 a.d.
 

Philip I and Philip II

244 - 249 a.d.
 

Decius, Gallus & Aemilian

249 - 253 a.d.
 

Valerian and Gallienus

253 - 268 a.d.

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