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KroisosT.gif (2959 bytes) Stater of Kroisos

DariusT.gif (3053 bytes)

Daric of Darius I

Xerxes.jpg (17720 bytes)
Xerxes watching the battle of Salamis

ArtaxerxesT.gif (2840 bytes) Siglos of Artaxerxes I

AlexanderT.gif (4946 bytes)

Alexander the Great
Cyrus the Great conquered the Lydian kingdom of Kroisos in 546 bc. The Persian Empire struck coins with Lydian types until 510, when the "archer" type  characterizing Achaemenid coinage was introduced. The gold daric (8.3 g) and the silver siglos (5.3 g) continued the Lydian weight standard, circulating mostly in Asia Minor. Over nearly two centuries their archaic types hardly changed and, as they bear no legends, attribution by reign can sometimes be difficult. After Alexander conquered the Persian Empire in 330 bc, Persians used Greek coins - first Alexander's imperial coinage, then the royal Seleukid coinage that succeeded it.

The Achaemenid  Persian Empire
546 - 330 bc

Parthian Kingdom

Cyrus I
546 -530 bc
486 - 465 bc
Darius II
424 - 405 bc
338 - 336 bc
530 - 522 bc
Artaxerxes I
465 - 425 bc
Artaxerxes II
405 - 359 bc
Darius III
336 - 331 bc
Darius I
521 - 486 bc
Xerxes II
425 - 424 bc
Artaxerxes III
359 - 338 bc

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