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Denarius Coinage

Roman Imperatorial Issues


71 - 27 bc
Pompey.jpg (3841 bytes) Caesar.jpg (4424 bytes) Brutus.jpg (5329 bytes) Antony.jpg (3833 bytes) octavian1.jpg (12953 bytes)

Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus

Caius Julius Caesar

Marcus Junius Brutus

Marcus Antonius

Caius Julius Caesar Octavianus
Pompey [b. 106 bc] was one of Rome's greatest generals. After conquering much of Asia Minor, he joined Caesar and Crassus in the first Triumvirate, then opposed Caesar in the Civil War and was defeated at Pharsalus. He fled to Egypt where he was assassinated in 48 bc.

Relatives depicted on coins:
Gnaeus Pompey jr. - son
Sextus Pompey - son

Caesar [b. 100 bc] joined Crassus and Pompey in the first Triumvirate, then  conquered Gaul in a series of brilliant campaigns. He next brought his army into Italy [49 b.c.], starting a civil war from which he emerged master of the Roman world. He was assassinated on the Ides of March, 44 bc

Brutus [b. 85 bc], a wealthy aristocrat, supported Pompey but was pardoned by Caesar.  Despite this he led the plot to assassinate Caesar.  He joined Cassius in command of the Republican forces, and was defeated by Antony and Octavian at Philippi, after which he took his own life [42 bc] Antony [b. 83 bc]was Caesar's trusted subordinate and ally.  After the assassination he joined Octavian and Lepidus, winning the battle of Philippi. He and Octavian divided the Roman world until they fought and Antony lost at Actium. He fled to Egypt, taking own life  in 30 bc.
Relatives depicted on coins:

Caius Antonius, Lucius Antonius - brothers
Octavia - wife
Mark Antony Jr. - son
Cleopatra - paramour
Caesar's great-nephew, Octavian [b. 63 bc] gained control of the Caesarian faction in Rome after Caesar's assassination, then allied himself with Antony and Lepidus. After the battle of Philippi, he and Antony divided the Roman world, then came into collision.  Octavian's forces defeated Antony at Actium [31 bc]. A grateful Senate awarded him the honorific 'Augustus' in 27 bc, marking the beginning of the Roman Empire.
Other personalities depicted on Imperatorial coinage:
Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus, Q. Labienus
Personalities issuing coins without portraits:

Q. Cornuficius, L. Statius Murcus, C. Cassius Longinus, Cn. Domitius Calvinus

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